Wear characterization from field and laboratory tests of pearlitic steels used for SAG mill liners

Author(s): Pereira, J. I.; Machado, P. C.; Penagos, J. J.; Sinatora, A.
Summary: This work characterizes the wear behavior of pearlitic SAG Mill liner material for in-service and laboratory worn samples. The abrasion tests (Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Test – DSRW) were carried out on samples removed from the undeformed region of the same liner – applying different normal loads (from 22 N to 380 N). The electron microscopy techniques (FEG-SEM, FIB-SEM) were used to characterize the microstructural and wear micromechanisms. A cross sections analysis of both samples highlighted the presence of a deformed layer. The hardness of the original microstructure (undeformed pearlite) was 360 HV10, however, this work shows that the typical operational conditions in the mining process increased the hardness in a sub-superficial layer up to 580 HV10. The thickness of the deformed layer was determined to be approximately 300 µm and 3 µm in-service and laboratory worn samples, respectively. The in-service worn samples showed scratches and micro indentations along the surface. For the laboratory tests, the predominant wear mechanisms were micro-cutting with and without micro-ploughing and micro indentation. It was shown that the normal load in the laboratory abrasion tests did not significantly affect the deformed layer formation. For the various normal loads applied, the thickness of deformed layer remained practically constant, around 3 µm. On the other hand, regarding wear mechanisms, a change in the normal load affected the indentations/cutting ratio: for lower loads micro-indentations prevailed whereas increased loads (above 130 N) indicated the presence of micro-cutting. Therefore, on the basis of these observations, it was possible to conclude that the DSRW represented a suitable alternative to simulate the abrasion componente occurring in liners for SAG Mills once a higher load was applied (200 N to 280 N).
Journal: Wear
Year: 2017
Volume: v. 376-377
Pages: p. 37-45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2017.01.094
Year of publication: 2017
Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043164817302259
Publisher and ISSN: Elsevier