Uso de recursos agroflorestais em comunidades na zona de influência da Estrada de Ferro Carajás (EFC)

Author(s): VILARINHO, Charles Caldas
Summary: Family farming in Brazil is generally characterized by diversity of crops and practices, combining direct production for subsistence as a production for the market. In the Amazon region, depending on the context, it also includes extractivism. This work focuses on communities in the region crossed by the Carajás Railroad (EFC), in the Eastern Amazon, which is commonly described by poor socioeconomic indicators, and a context of social conflicts that interfere with the railroad operation. The present study aims to analyze the pluriactivity of family agriculture in the communities surrounding the EFC, in order to subsidize actions that strengthen food security and labor and income options based on agroforestry resources in the territory. As a case study, a set of communities located along this railroad, in different contexts. In each of them the production, the diversity of species and the organization of work were analyzed, identifying potentialities and limits to their social reproduction. The field research was executed as part of an expedition to the EFC, which took place from August 2 to 14 of 2016. For this specific work, seven communities (rural and urban) were visited around the railroad. Based on qualitative research, interviews with leaders and with some residents sought to observe and collect information on the use of agroforestry resources in these communities. Crops, creations and extractive resources worked in backyards, in agricultural plots (individual and/or collective) and in areas of remnants of vegetation (forests, rivers, lakes, etc.) were analyzed, where the residents practice extractivism. This study analyzed the family agriculture in each community, performing a survey of the species worked in each one, addressing the following aspects: use, individual or collective work, labor, managed operations and, in the case of commercialization, where they market and how they transport the products and what problems they face. Some complaints of the interviewees were also recorded, which were divided into structural problems in the communities and problems related to the Carajás Railroad. In the latter, the complaints were due to the noise, vibration and death of animal that loose, cross the railway and are hit by the train. Some of the visited communities also present major problems related to land regularization. The information gathered in this study may serve to subsidize future actions such as specific local training for young people an adult of both sexes, and/or technical programs on specific species or issues related to commercialization. The objective is to strengthen family farmers and local associations, reducing their vulnerabilities and, consequently, the social conflicts that interfere with the EFC operations.
Year: 2018
Pages: 88 f.
DOI: 10.29223/PROD.TEC.ITV.DS.2018.3.Vilarinho
Supervision: Jorge Filipe dos Santos, Dr.
Link to PDF: Click here
Course: Master's Degree in Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Tropical Regions