(PT) Percepção de resiliência em municípios com empreendimentos minerários: estudo do caso Canaã dos Carajás, Brasil

Author(s): PEREIRA, Lorena Reis
Summary: The ability of communities to react to unknown risks and future surprises is important for their balance, development and sustainability. The concept of resilience provides a way to think about policies and actions for future changes in socioeconomic and ecological-environmental systems. This dissertation analyzed the resilience perception of Canaã dos Carajás population in Pará, Brazil. The used methodology was employed in two stages. First, we characterized the study region. Secondly, face-to-face interviews, based on the structured questionnaire, were conducted on a sample of 140 randomly selected residents, comprising of 11 social actors that fully represent the Canaã community. The 27 interview questions were related to eight resilience theories presented in the literature. Two key findings can be drawn from our multivariate analysis: a) the level of residents' perception of resilience is reasonable (average score: 2.99 and standard-deviation: 0.28 on the likert scale); b) according to the view of the interviewees, the factors economic and labor concentration in the mining activity, abrupt changes suffered by the municipality after the arrival of mining projects, lack of infrastructure, poor accessibility and poor quality of life of the population, concentration of power and mismanagement negatively influence the level of resilience in Canaã dos Carajás. The factor incentive to the development of the municipality by the mining company is the only factor that influences positively on the resilience. This study makes an important contribution in the literature because it tested statistically several theories of resilience for the evaluation of the perception of the residents in a context of a large-scale mining.
Year: 2017
Pages: 52 f.
Year of publication: 2017
Supervision: Valente José Matlaba, PhD.
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Course: Master's Degree in Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Tropical Regions