(PT) Estudo etnobotânico nos quintais da comunidade quilombola de Monte Alegre, Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo

Author(s): CUNHA, Andressa Catharina Mendes
Summary: The present study was held in a “Quilombola” community in Monte Alegre, a rural area located in the municipality of Cachoeiro de Itaperirim in the state of Espirito Santo. The objective of the study was to investigate traditional knowledge on plants of the community’s yard based on the following questions: Which ones are useful? What is the use of these species and which plant part is most used? Which plant use categories are most important? Which species are native to the Atlantic Forest? These questions aimed to register and classify the diverse species considered helpful by population, according to the degree of importance and usefulness to them. It is noteworthy that the study has as a hypothesis that the “quilombolas” classify the plants depending on their utility. Data was collected between April and June 2014 through interviews using an application with semi-structured questionnaires with respondents of both genders between the age of 25 and 81 years old. Twenty-four percent of families in the community were interviewed, selected through a technique called Snowball (Bola de Neve). To obtain a list of species considered useful in the yards was used a free listing technique (freelist), the free list was used to calculate the Cultural Salience Index (IS) of each species, generated through a Visual Anthropac-Freelists 4.0 software. The Use Vale (UV) in each specie was obtained through a ratio by the sum number of uses mentioned by each informant for the specie and the total number of informants. Through the similarity data obtained from the items mentioned in the free list, a stacking technique was used with 20 plants with the highest IS. The technique aimed to test the hypothesis that the “quilombolas” of Monte Alegre classify plants according to their utility. The results obtained in the stacking technique were evaluated through a Multidimensional Scaling Analysis (MDS). 128 species were identified belonging to 51 families, of which 20% are native to the Atlantic Forest, 11.2% are native to other biomes, 68.8% originate from other countries (exotic) and 2.34% could no be classified according to their own origin. The most representative families are: Lamiaceae, Asteraceae and Rutaceae with 12, 11 and 7 species, respectively. The species were classified in the following categories of use: Food, Medicine, Ritualistic, Hygiene and Shadow with 43, 42, 5, 2 and 1 species, respectively. Some species (36) fit in more than one category. The parts that were most mentioned in usage were: Fruit (309 citations), Leaf (217 citations) and Root (38 citations). The plants were used mainly: In nature, in a form of tea or juice, with 308, 163 and 114 citations for these forms of usage. The same specie had more than one part and usage mentioned above. The species with the highest IS were: Mangifera indica L. (0.483), Musa sp. L (0.427) and Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (0.384). Those that presented the highest UV were: Mangifera indica L. (1.677), Psidium guajava L (1.258) and Musa sp. L (1.225). The MDS confirmed that the community classifies their plants according to their use, since majority of their informants group them in a similar way. The “quilombola” community studied has a great variety of plants in their yard used in diverse ways. This contributed to conserve native species by avoiding extracting remaining forests where they live.
Year: 2015
Pages: 72 f.
Year of publication: 2015
Supervision: Salim Jordy Filho
Link to PDF: Click here
Course: Master's Degree in Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Tropical Regions