(PT) A licença social de operação em Canaã dos Carajás como instrumento de sustentabilidade do projeto Ferro Carajás S11D

Author(s): CRUZ, Thiago Leite
Summary: The popular dissatisfaction towards mining projects is harmful to the productive process.
The Social Licence to Operate (SLO) is a concept that reflects communities' perceptions
towards those projects. This research has focused on the SLO of the S11D Carajás Iron
Ore Project (Projeto Ferro Carajás S11D, in Portuguese) and of Vale SA company, in
Canaã dos Carajás County, Pará State, Brazil. Following international literature on the
subject, SLO Pyramid method (Boutilier; Thomson, 2011) measured its level and
Integrative Model method (Moffat; Zhang, 2014) statistically evaluated the influence of
a set of variables on the license. Structured and face-to-face interviews were conducted
with 190 members of 17 social groups that truly reflect the Canaã dos Carajás community.
Two key findings can be drawn from our multivariate analysis: a) the SLO level of S11D
Carajás Iron Ore Project and Vale is Acceptance, with the average and standard-deviation
of 3,62 and 0,87 points, respectively, in a likert scale in the Thomson e Boutilier (2011)
pyramid. This SLO level is two degrees below the ideal: the approval, and the copropriety/psychological
identification; b) procedure fairness, company-community
interactions and improvements in social infrastructure were positively related with the
community trust on the company, whereas negative impacts on the economy and
environment negatively affected community acceptance and approval of the company and
its project.
Year: 2017
Pages: 80 f.
Supervision: Valente José Matlaba, PhD
Link to PDF: Click here
Course: Master's Degree in Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Tropical Regions