Inter- and intraspecific functional variability of tropical arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi isolates colonizing corn plants

Autor(es): Novais, Cândido Barreto de; Borges, Wardsson Lustrino; Jesus, Ederson da Conceição; Saggin Júnior, Orivaldo José; Siqueira, José Oswaldo
Resumo: (EN) For a single plant species under the same environmental conditions, the interaction with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and their contribution to plant growth varies among AMF isolates, with both inter and intraspecific variability. The present study evaluated the functional variability of 41 isolates of 20 species and eight genera of AMF for root colonization, growth promotion, and P uptake of corn and observed the relationship of this functional variability with the isolates genetic variability revealed by PCR-RFLP analysis. All the isolates abundantly colonized the corn roots, but only 23 promoted higher shoot dry mass and P leaf content. The cluster analysis based on functional variability data separated the isolates Acaulospora morrowiae (Am2), Acaulospora sp. (Aca), A. colombiana (Ac3, Ac4, and Ac5), Gigaspora albida (Gia1), Gi. margarita (Gim4 and Gim5), Gi. rosea (Gir), Rhizophagus clarus (Rc2, Rc3, Rc4, Rc5, and Rc6), Claroideoglomus etunicatum (Ce4), R. manihotis (Rm), Scutellospora calospora (Sc), S. heterogama (Sh2, Sh3, Sh4, and Sh5) and S. pellucida (Sp3) from the others at the distance of 80% functional similarity. These were considered efficient in promoting functional symbiosis in corn while the other isolates were considered inefficient. The cluster analysis obtained by the PCR-RFLP technique was partly coherent with the species classification based on spore morphology. The isolates of R. clarus fell into one cluster and the isolates of the Gigaspora and Scutellospora genera (Gigasporaceae family) were clustered in a second cluster, without the ability to separate the species of these genera.
Periódico: Applied Soil Ecology
Ano: 2014
Volume: v. 76
Páginas: p. 78-86
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2013.12.010
Ano de publicação: 2014
Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929139313003120?via%3Dihub
Editora com ISSN: Elsevier