Bioaccumulation and effects of lanthanum on growth and mitotic index in soybean plants

Autor(es): Oliveira, Cynthia de; Ramos, Sílvio J.; Siqueira, José O.; Faquin, Valdemar; Castro, Evaristo M. de; Amaral, Douglas C.; Techio, Vânia H.; Coelho, Lívia C.; Silva, Pedro H. P. e; Schnug, Ewald; Guilherme, Luiz R. G.
Resumo: (EN) Rare earth elements such as lanthanum (La) have been used as agricultural inputs in some countries in order to enhance yield and improve crop quality. However, little is known about the effect of La on the growth and structure of soybean, which is an important food and feed crop worldwide. In this study, bioaccumulation of La and its effects on the growth and mitotic index of soybean was evaluated. Soybean plants were exposed to increasing concentrations of La (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 µM) in nutrient solution for 28 days. Plant response to La was evaluated in terms of plant growth, nutritional characteristics, photosynthetic rate, chlorophyll content, mitotic index, modifications in the ultrastructure of roots and leaves, and La mapping in root and shoot tissues. The results showed that the roots of soybean plants can accumulate sixty fold more La than shoots. La deposition occurred mainly in cell walls and in crystals dispersed in the root cortex and in the mesophyll. When La was applied, it resulted in increased contents of some essential nutrients (i.e., Ca, P, K, and Mn), while Cu and Fe levels decreased. Moreover, low La concentrations stimulated the photosynthetic rate and total chlorophyll content and lead to a higher incidence of binucleate cells, resulting in a slight increase in roots and shoot biomass. At higher La levels, soybean growth was reduced. This was caused by ultrastructural modifications in the cell wall, thylakoids and chloroplasts, and the appearance of c-metaphases.
Periódico: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ano: 2015
Volume: v. 122
Páginas: p. 136-144
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.07.020
Ano de publicação: 2015
Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651315300245?via%3Dihub
Editora com ISSN: Elsevier