Deep Learning for Early Damage Detection of Tailing Pipes Joints with a Robotic Device

Autor(es): RESENDE FILHO, Levi Welington de; SANTOS, André Almeida; AZPÚRUA, Hector; CARVALHO, Gabriel Garcia; PESSIN, Gustavo
Resumo: (EN) In the mining industry, it is usual to employ several kilometers of pipes to carry tailing from the plant to a dam. Only in the Salobo Mine, a copper operation in the Amazon forest from Vale S.A., there are more than three and a half kilometers of tailing pipes. Since the material passing through the tailing pipe causes an abrasion effect that could lead to failures, regular inspections are needed. However, given the risky environment to perform manual inspections, a teleoperated or autonomous robot is a crucial tool to keep track of the pipe health. In this work, we propose a deep-learning methodology to process the data stream of images from the robot, aiming to detect early failures directly on the onboard computer of the device in real-time. Multiple architectures of deep-learning image classification were evaluated to detect the anomalies. We validated the early damage detection accuracy and pinpointed the approximate location of the anomalies using the Class Activation Mapping of the networks. Then, we tested the runtime for the network architectures that obtained the best results on different hardware to analyze the need for a GPU onboard in the robot. Moreover, we also trained a Single Shot object Detector to find the boundaries of the pipe joints, which means that the anomaly classification is performed only when a joint is detected. Our results show that it is possible to build an automatic anomaly detection system in the software of the robot.
Periódico: 16th IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE)
Ano: 2020
Volume: v.1
Páginas: p. 1441-1446
DOI: 10.1109/CASE48305.2020.9216881
Ano de publicação: 2020