Analysis of the impacts of slope angle variation on slope stability and NPV via two different final pit definition techniques

Autor(es): Chaves, Leonardo S.; Carvalho, Luiz A.; Souza, Felipe R.; Nader, Beck; Ortiz, Carlos E. A.; Torres, Vidal F. N.; Câmara,Taís R.; Napa-García, Gian F.; Valadão, George
Resumo: The traditionally and widely used Lerchs-Grossmann algorithm presents wellknown limitations that newer propositions attempt to overcome. The direct block schedule (DBS) methodology, which has gained relevance with computational advances, obtains the final pit as a natural result of production sequencing, different from Lerchs-Grossmann-based algorithms. This process flow applies constraints in the final pit definition stage attempting to provide a more realistic result and to minimize risks. Slope instability is a common and inherent risk to open pit mining and may affect the project’s net present value (NPV). A study of the impacts of slope angle variations on safety indexes and final pit NPV provides an auxiliary tool for the overall slope angle definition process. This article presents a case study in which the effects of variations of the overall slope angle on the safety factor (SF) and project NPV were analyzed. A total of 25 pits were generated by each studied final pit definition methodology, an each pit had the sections with the varied slope angles analyzed in the stability assessment, resulting in a total of 150 slopes analyzed. A comparison between the results obtained by the two different methodologies implemented in commercial software is presented. The results show no relationship between the NPV and the overall slope angle using the DBS methodology. An analysis of the results for each geotechnical sector obtained by the traditional methodology was conducted and may contribute to the trade-off analysis between the best slope angle to achieve a reasonable SF and the
maximum NPV.
Periódico: REM - International Engineering Journal
Ano: 2020
Volume: v. 73
Páginas: p. 119-126
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0370-44672019730011
Ano de publicação: 2020
Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2448-167X2020000100119&tlng=en